Welcome to GeneWatch UK
GeneWatch UK is a not-for-profit group that monitors developments in genetic technologies from a public interest, human rights, environmental protection and animal welfare perspective. GeneWatch believes people should have a voice in whether or how these technologies are used and campaigns for safeguards for people, animals and the environment. We work on all aspects of genetic technologies - from GM crops and foods to genetic testing of humans.
- GM and Cloned Mammals
Synthetic biologist Craig Venter has claimed he will produce lungs in pigs for transplantation into humans. This is an old idea, previously tried with GM pig hearts and known as "xenotransplantation". There were difficulties with rejection of the organs and a major risk of transferring pig viruses to humans, as well as concerns about animal suffering. Read more here.
The UK Government has announced a review of the increasing use of GM animals in research.
- GM Crops and Food
Marks and Spencer has allowed six products on its shelves containing GM soya and maize. These products contain Round Up Ready GM crops which have devastated the Monarch butterfly population in the USA. To report GM products on supermarket shelves visit the GM Freeze website.
Syngenta's GA21 maize (which is tolerant to the weedkiller glyphosate, brandname RoundUp) is the only remaining GM crop in the commercial pipeline that would be suitable for growing in England, if plans to opt-in to growing GM crops under new draft EU legislation go ahead. The EU's Environment Committee voted on the proposals on 11th November. The Committee's amendments strengthen the legal basis for countries wishing to ban GM, increase democratic accountability, improve protections for the environment, and require national laws on co-existence and liability to protect GM-free farming and limit cross-border contamination. Read the Guardian article.
US regulators have approved the combined weedkiller Enlist, containing RoundUp and 2,4-D, for blanket spraying on the 2nd generation of GM crops resistant to both weedkillers.
- GM Contamination Register
An on-line database of incidents of GM contamination, illegal releases and adverse agricultural side-effects run by GeneWatch UK and Greenpeace. Read the new journal paper The GM Contamination Register: a review of recorded contamination incidents associated with genetically modified organisms (GMOs), 1997-2013 and the Greenpeace blog.
- GM fish
GM salmon company AquaBounty has been fined for breaches of environmental regulations in Panama. Read the GeneWatch UK press release.
- International DNA databases
Read the article Forensic DNA databases: Ethical and legal standards: A global review.
GeneWatch UK, the Council for Responsible Genetics and Privacy International are working together on the Forensics Genetics Policy Initiative to develop international standards for DNA databases worldwide. Visit our website.
- GM insects
Read GeneWatch UK's briefing on failures of the transboundary notification process for living genetically modified insects.
Read GeneWatch UK's first submission and second submission to the US Department of Agriculture's consultation on plans to release Oxitec's GM diamondback moths (a pest of cabbage and broccoli) in New York State.
UK company Oxitec also plans to release GM Mediterranean Fruit Flies in Brazil, contaminating fruit with GM maggots.
A dengue emergency has been declared in the town in Brazil where Oxitec's GM mosquito experiments are taking place. The researchers have confirmed there has been no reduction in dengue in the experimental areas and Oxitec has admitted that it cannot show any reduction in dengue with its experiments. Read critical evidence submitted by Brazilian scientists.
Experimental releases of Oxitec's GM mosquitoes have begun in Panama. Oxitec's notification for the export of GM mosquito eggs to Panama includes no risk assessment, even though this is a legal requirement.
- Genes and Health
As more evidence accumulates, more scientists are questioning claims that genes play a central role in health and behaviour. Read the blog by Arto Annila and Keith Baverstock and visit the BioscienceResource Project.
For a discussion of policy issues around plans to sequence the genomes of whole populations, read the reports of the EU project PACITA on public health genomics here.
- Genes and Marketing
China has announced moves to restrict sales of genetic tests
Read the Huffington Post on why the US FDA was right to crack down on Google-funded 23andMe's misleading gene test claims. US gene testing company GeneLink has also been forced to withdraw misleading claims following a complaint by the Federal Trade Commission.
- The UK Police National DNA Database
Rapid DNA testing is being trialled by the Home Office: it could speed up solving crimes but might also be misused to test people on the street or at borders without good reason.
The Protection of Freedoms Act entered into force on 31st October 2013. Most innocent people who are arrested will now have their DNA and fingerprint records deleted automatically but some will be retained for three years (or longer for national security reasons).
The Home Office has published the new rules for innocent people applying for early deletion of their DNA and fingerprints from police databases. The Guidance does not cover deletion of Police National Computer (PNC) records which continue to be dealt with under the old Exceptional Cases procedure.
- A DNA database in the NHS?
Read GeneWatch UK's report on the plan to build a DNA database in the NHS by stealth and share whole DNA sequences (genomes) with companies like Google.
As a first step in the plan, NHS England plans to share people's medical records with private companies without people's knowledge or consent. A new phase in the controversial "care.data" plan has been announced, with GPs in four areas now piloting the scheme.
A new data protection law supported by the European Parliament would prevent heath data being shared for "research" (including commercial data-mining) without people's consent. But it has yet to gain the support of the Council, which includes the UK Government and is opposed by many internet companies who are lobbying against it. Read GeneWatch UK's response to the Ministry of Justice's consultation on EU powers in this area.
Until the legal situation is resolved, Medconfidential has published information about how to opt out, from sharing your medical records using a letter you can send to your GP.
- Patents on seeds
To oppose patents being granted in Europe on plants such as tomatoes, broccoli and melons, sign the Avaaz petition.