Embargoed until 00.01 Tuesday 9th December 2003
GeneWatch UK publishes report on non-food GM crops.
In a report published today, GeneWatch UK calls for proper safeguards if GM crops are to be used to produce drugs (1). Research, mainly in North America and France, is taking place to produce pharmaceutical drugs, vaccines and antibodies in plants. The first chemicals from GM plants are already being used in diagnostics and research in the USA.
The report - "Non-Food GM Crops: New Dawn or False Hope?" - reveals that the research is being driven by a desire to produce drugs more cheaply and with the hope that the GM plant could be eaten as a simple way to administer a drug or vaccine. It is not clear whether such approaches will work, and using edible crops to produce GM drugs could be dangerous as they may be accidentally eaten by people or animals. Furthermore, there is little or no research being undertaken on the possible environmental impacts of growing such crops.
As a result of its findings, GeneWatch is calling for:
- drug-producing GM plants to be grown only in conditions where there is no possibility of contaminating other crops;
- only non-food crops to be used;
- research on environmental impacts to be undertaken as a matter of urgency;
- a Government review of the use of GM crops for drug production, including their safety and likely efficacy in relation to other disease control methods. Its aim should be to produce clear standards by which the industry would be expected to operate.
"Eating GM crops as a way of taking a drug or vaccine may sound like a good idea, but it is unlikely to be effective as it will be difficult to control the dose. More disturbingly, people may mistake it for normal food and be poisoned," said Dr Sue Mayer, GeneWatch's Director and author of the report. "If we are going to use GM plants as drug factories, we should certainly rule out food crops or there could be some serious accidents. We also need to know what will happen to the environment if we produce these kinds of drugs in crops. No-one seems to be giving this any consideration at the moment."
Please contact Sue Mayer on 01298 871898 (office) or 07930 308807 (mobile).
Notes to editors:
- "Non-Food GM Crops: New Dawn or False Hope? (Part One - Drug Production)". Report available on www.genewatch.org